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Case Studies

This patient is a 37 year old female whose first baseline thermogram showed a slight hyperthermic asymmetry in the upper right breast. The follow up study showed the pattern had become more well defined & although clinical correlation did not find anything remarkable, it was decided to repeat the exam again in a further 3 months when again significant changes were seen. Mammography was performed at this stage with the thermographic guidance of a locally suspicious area at one o’clock to the right nipple. The mammographic findings were inconclusive and the patient was referred for a repeat mammogram in twelve months. Thermographic monitoring ws continued and at the fifth comparative study at twelve months significant changes were still evident and the hyperthermic asymmetry (temperature differentials) had increased. Immediate further investigation was strongly recommended despite a scheduled mammogram in six months. At the patient’s insistence a repeat mammogram was performed that clearly showed a small 1mm calcification at one o’clock in the right breast. An immediate lumpectomy was performed with good margins and the pathology confirmed as a malignant carcinoma (DCIS). The patient has had stable thermograms for the last two years and is expected to remain healthy.

 

 

Elderly female patient that had undergone a left hip replacement three months previously. Her continued leg pain raised a suspicion for deep vein thrombosis (DVT). The thermographic findings were not consistent with DVT, but showed a focal area of inflammation that guided a sonographer to a deep abscess near the bone. The abscess was lanced and treated successfully with antibiotics.

 

 

Plantar feet

 

Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS) right foot, significant increase in sympathetic motor tone right foot 3.7°c colder than left foot. A cold stress test was positive, (no sympathetic change). CRPS developed in the right foot after a fractured heel bone 18 months previously. Weight bearing was painful. The diagnosis of CRPS was missed initially since nuclear imaging was not typical of CRPS. Some cases of CRPS are misdiagnosed as psychological or hysterical pain states. Thermography is able to show characteristic changes if utilized.

 

 

 

Thermography has excellent correlation with diagnostic medical ultrasound. This is the first baseline thermogram with suspicious findings on the upper inner quadrant of the left breast. She was referred for clinical correlation and additional testing prior to her three month follow up breast scan. While the mammogram was unremarkable, targeted ultrasound found a suspicious mass outside the breast borders on the chest wall. The ensuing biopsy confirmed a malignancy. The combined results of thermography and sonography enabled an earlier detection of a cancer that may have otherwise gone undiagnosed until a much later stage.